Does the Readability Score of Your Content Affect Bounce Rates?

Fred Caloggero

September 8, 2016

Does the Readability Score of Your Content Affect Bounce Rates?

Flesch Readability Study

No. Not at all.

You just saved yourself 10 minutes of reading. That’s 10 minutes you could use to jog a mile, or whip up a batch of chocolate chip cookies (and eat the dough). Or you could keep reading. I actually think the lack of a correlation provides some useful insight into writing for people versus search engines.

Putting 10 Minutes to Good Use

I always look forward to Searchmetrics’ annual Search Ranking Factors report. In the 2015 report, I saw something interesting: Flesch Readability Score. “Oh yeah, Flesch Readability, of course . . . what the hell is the Flesch Readability Score?” I’ve seen this term in a few posts over the years, but it has never been explicitly called out in the Searchmetrics report.

The Flesch Readability Score (FRS)

If you’re someone who works in the industry, you’re probably familiar with the term, but just to recap, it’s the calculation of how easy your text is to read; the higher the score, the easieStep 1: Flesch Readability r it is to read. If you want to get into the nitty gritty, there are a few blog posts on Search Engine Journal and Yoast that might be worth a read. Here are a few interesting examples for comparison:

       Time Magazine is a 52 (fairly difficult)

       Moby Dick is 57.9 (fairly difficult)

       Harvard Law Review is in the low 30’s (very difficult)

Searchmetrics researched the relationship between FRS and ranking, and found that there is a slight correlation betStep 3: Flesch Readability ween FRS and rankings; The landing pages in the top 10 positions had a slightly higher score (easier to read) than the average of the top 30 results in SERPs. I found that interesting, but it got me thinking about FRS and user experience. So, I decided to do some research of my own….

Is there a correlation between Flesch Readability Score and Page Bounce Rate?

Before gathering data, I reviewed the research other SEOs had done on FRS1. Some of them did look at bounce rate in addition to ranking. They concluded that FRS does affect bounce rates; the higher your FRS (easier to read), the lower your bounce rates. But no data was included to support these conclusions. The conjectures made sense, but I wanted data. I wanted to see if there was a measurable correlation between FRS and other user behavior signals, such as bounce rate and time on site. With a clearly-defined question to answer, I began crunching some numbers.

Time For Some Research

I pulled the FRS from 244 total web pages over 22 different clients, across multiple verticals, over a time period of six and a half months. Along with the FRS, I also pulled: screen-shot-2016-09-01-at-2-30-56-pm

–        Word count

       Bounce rate

       Time on site

       Goal Completions

       Bulleted information (was the content bulleted or not?)

As you may guess, some of this was fairly manual. I pulled everything into an excel document and converted it over to notepad in order to input into R. After working out a couple of kinks in the formula, I was able to come up with a reliable script that would provide correlation data on a few preset variables (along with some eye-catching graphs). After spending months pulling this information together and tinkering with the script, I finally got my answer.

Drum Roll . . .

I was able to find out the correlation coefficient of the FRS vs. Bounce Rates, the answer . . . 0.0003.

screen-shot-2016-09-07-at-4-35-48-pm

Seriously. 0.0003. Which means you can find a stronger correlation between how many cat pictures are uploaded to the internet everyday vs. defense department spending. 0.0003. I was thoroughly disappointed. What a complete bust. So I got stubborn and decided to check:

       FRS vs. time on site: 0.16                                readability-infographic-step-4

       Word count vs. time on site: -0.17

       Word count vs. bounce rate? 0.29

Come on, throw me a bone here.

Takeaways

What I’ve always been told is, “When you lose, don’t lose the lesson.” While I was hoping to find something more telling, it was useful discovering that there is zero correlation between FRS and bounce rates, which means you can spend your time writing for your users, not for robots.

Content marketing expert Holly Hartzenberg put it best in her article:

“There’s a lot to be said for knowing your audience, using a little common sense and not patronizing your demographic. If you write for the lowest common denominator across the board, you run the risk of alienating, boring, and irritating your target readership.”

Basically, it boils down to providing the right type of content for your target audience. Don’t worry about that little Flesch readability number, write for the people you’re trying to reach. After all, they are the ones sending the increasingly important user behavior signals to the search engines.

Step 5: Flesch Readability

Footnotes

1. Readability vs. Flesch
2. What is Readability?
3. Flesch Reading Ease Score
4. Readability Score
5. Importance of Readability in SEO